A Scoping Review on Work Experiences of Nurses After Being Diagnosed With Cancer

Kai-Lin You

Meredith H. Cummings

Catherine M. Bender

Laura A. Fennimore

Margaret Q. Rosenzweig

Andrew M. Dierkes

Ketki D. Raina

Teresa Hagan Thomas

nurses, cancer, work, return to work, healthcare worker, scoping review
ONF 2023, 50(6), 714-724. DOI: 10.1188/23.ONF.714-724

Problem Identification: To map key concepts underpinning work-related studies about nurses with cancer and identify knowledge gaps.

Literature Review: A search was conducted in the PubMed®, CINAHL®, and PsycINFO® databases for articles about nurses with cancer and work-related topics published through March 2023.

Data Evaluation: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews Checklist was used to report results, and the JBI critical appraisal tools were used to assess the quality of studies. Eleven articles were included.

Synthesis: The following four critical concepts were identified: role adjustments at work, cancer impacts on work, organizational support, and translating insights gained from cancer experience into work. Research gaps identified by the scoping review were a lack of theoretical or conceptual frameworks, lack of syntheses of main ideas, and lack of clear data about participants’ socioeconomic status across studies.

Implications for Research: Minimal research exists to map predictors, outcomes, or intervention targets to guide organizational strategies to support nurses’ retention in the nursing workforce. A guiding framework, recruitment of diverse nurses, and focus on the four critical concepts identified in this scoping review are suggested for future research.

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